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Buzz Aldrin (* Januar als Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. in Montclair, New Jersey) ist ein ehemaliger US-amerikanischer Astronaut. Aldrin betrat im Rahmen. Buzz Aldrin SГјdpol Der ewige Zweite - Buzz Aldrin wird Buzz Aldrin (* Januar als Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. in Montclair, New Jersey) ist ein ehemaliger. Buzz Aldrin SГјdpol Der Mond war der Gipfel seiner Welt. Buzz Aldrin (* Januar als Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. in Montclair, New Jersey) ist ein ehemaliger. Buzz Aldrin SГјdpol Die Schattenseiten des Heldentums. Buzz Aldrin (* Januar als Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. in Montclair, New Jersey) ist ein ehemaliger. Als Buzz Aldrin (gebürtig Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr.) am Juli auf dem Mond steht, kommt er sich vor wie auf einem riesigen Ball: So nah und abgerundet.Er war Teil der ersten bemannten Mondmission, inspirierte eine Generation. Buzz Aldrin blieb auch von Rückschlägen nicht verschont. Als Buzz Aldrin (gebürtig Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr.) am Juli auf dem Mond steht, kommt er sich vor wie auf einem riesigen Ball: So nah und abgerundet. Buzz Aldrin (* Januar als Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. in Montclair, New Jersey) ist ein ehemaliger US-amerikanischer Astronaut. Aldrin betrat im Rahmen. Buzz Aldrin SГјdpol 0 Kommentare zu "Astronaut Buzz Aldrin: Der ewige Zweite". Buzz Aldrin (* Januar als Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. in Montclair, New Jersey) ist. Er war Teil der ersten bemannten Mondmission, inspirierte eine Generation. Buzz Aldrin blieb auch von Rückschlägen nicht verschont.
There he earned his Doctorate degree in Science in Astronautics. In , Buzz Aldrin started his fighting career in the military. He joined the air force, first as a second lieutenant.
He later worked his way up the ranks, becoming an officer. When the war was over, he worked as an instructor at the Nellis Air Force Base. He was a part of the third group of astronauts that NASA ever hired.
He was later promoted to be a backup for a mission, but he never had to go on this mission. He went on one of his most important missions in when he took part in the Gemini 12 Flight.
While on the mission, he spent four days in space, proving that work could be done outside of a spaceship.
Along with a group of astronauts, Aldrin landed on the moon on July 21, Following after Neil Armstrong, Aldrin was the second man to walk on the moon.
The team spent a day on the moon, collecting rocks and other samples, taking pictures, and doing research. Afterward, he returned to Earth. Your contribution is much appreciated!
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His first space flight was in on Gemini 12 during which he spent over five hours on extravehicular activity.
Three years later, Aldrin set foot on the Moon at on July 21, UTC , nineteen minutes after Armstrong first touched the surface, while command module pilot Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit.
A Presbyterian elder , Aldrin became the first person to hold a religious ceremony on the Moon when he privately took communion.
Air Force Test Pilot School. He retired from the Air Force in , after 21 years of service. His autobiographies Return to Earth , and Magnificent Desolation , recount his struggles with clinical depression and alcoholism in the years after leaving NASA.
He continued to advocate for space exploration, particularly a human mission to Mars , and developed the Aldrin cycler , a special spacecraft trajectory that makes travel to Mars more efficient in regard to time and propellant.
He has been accorded numerous honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in , and is listed in several Halls of Fame. Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr.
Aldrin did well in school, maintaining an A average. He suffered from seasickness and considered ships a distraction from flying airplanes.
Aldrin entered West Point in As one of the highest-ranking members of the class, Aldrin had his choice of assignments.
He chose the United States Air Force , which had become a separate service in while Aldrin was still at West Point and did not yet have its own academy.
His classmates included Sam Johnson , who later became a prisoner of war in Vietnam; the two became friends. At one point, Aldrin attempted a double Immelmann turn in a T Trojan and suffered a grayout.
When Aldrin was deciding what sort of aircraft he should fly, his father advised him to choose bombers , because command of a bomber crew gave an opportunity to learn and hone leadership skills, which could open up better prospects for career advancement.
Aldrin chose instead to fly fighters. Like most jet fighter pilots of the era, he preferred the latter. He was able to override the setting manually, but this required holding a button down, which in turn made it impossible to also use his radio.
He barely managed to make it back under enforced radio silence. The first Mig he shot down was on May 14, Aldrin was flying about 5 miles 8. Aldrin opened fire on one of the MiGs, whose pilot may never have seen him coming.
Aldrin's second aerial victory came on June 4, , when he accompanied aircraft from the 39th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron in an attack on an airbase in North Korea.
Their newer aircraft were faster than his and he had trouble keeping up. He then spotted a MiG approaching from above.
This time, Aldrin and his opponent spotted each other at about the same time. They went through a series of scissor maneuvers , attempting to get behind the other.
Aldrin was first to do so, but his gun sight jammed. He then manually sighted his gun and fired. He then had to pull out, as the two aircraft had gotten too low for the dogfight to continue.
Aldrin saw the MiG's canopy open and the pilot eject, although Aldrin was uncertain whether there was sufficient time for a parachute to open.
Aldrin's year-long tour ended in December , by which time the fighting in Korea had ended. Aldrin was assigned as an aerial gunnery instructor at Nellis.
After White left Germany to study for a master's degree at the University of Michigan in aeronautical engineering , he wrote to Aldrin encouraging him to do the same.
Aldrin enjoyed the classwork and soon decided to pursue a doctorate instead. If only I could join them in their exciting endeavors! Aldrin's initial application to join the astronaut corps when NASA's Astronaut Group 2 was selected in was rejected on the grounds that he was not a test pilot.
He was aware of the requirement and asked for it to be waived, but the request was turned down. Rendezvous" from his fellow astronauts.
Jim Lovell and Aldrin were selected as the backup crew of Gemini 10 , commander and pilot respectively. Backup crews usually became the prime crew of the third following mission, but the last scheduled mission in the program was Gemini Initially, Gemini 12's mission objectives were uncertain.
As the last scheduled mission, it was primarily intended to complete tasks that had not been successfully or fully carried out on earlier missions.
NASA formed a committee to give him a better chance of success. NASA revamped the training program, opting for underwater training over parabolic flight.
Aircraft flying a parabolic trajectory had given astronauts an experience of weightlessness in training, but there was a delay between each parabola which gave astronauts several minutes of rest.
It also encouraged performing tasks quickly, whereas in space they had to be done slowly and deliberately.
Training in a viscous, buoyant fluid gave a better simulation. Gemini 12's main objectives were to rendezvous with a target vehicle, and fly the spacecraft and target vehicle together using gravity-gradient stabilization, perform docked maneuvers using the Agena propulsion system to change orbit, conduct a tethered stationkeeping exercise and three EVAs, and demonstrate an automatic reentry.
Even gravity-gradient stabilization had been attempted by Gemini 11, albeit unsuccessfully. The Gemini Agena Target Vehicle had been launched about an hour and a half before.
Aldrin used a sextant and rendezvous charts he helped create to give Lovell the right information to put the spacecraft in position to dock with the target vehicle.
The next task was to practice undocking and docking again. On undocking, one of the three latches caught, and Lovell had to use the Gemini's thrusters to free the spacecraft.
Aldrin then docked again successfully a few minutes later. The flight plan then called for the Agena main engine to be fired to take the docked spacecraft into a higher orbit, but eight minutes after the Agena had been launched, it had suffered a loss of chamber pressure.
The Mission and Flight Directors therefore decided not to risk the main engine. This would be the only mission objective that was not achieved.
Aldrin performed three EVAs. The first was a standup EVA on November 12, in which the spacecraft door was opened and he stood up, but did not leave the spacecraft.
The standup EVA mimicked some of the actions he would do during his free-flight EVA, so he could compare the effort expended between the two.
It set an EVA record of two hours and twenty minutes. The next day Aldrin performed his free-flight EVA. He climbed across the newly installed hand-holds to the Agena and installed the cable needed for the gravity-gradient stabilization experiment.
Aldrin performed numerous tasks, including installing electrical connectors and testing tools that would be needed for Project Apollo.
A dozen two-minute rest periods prevented him from becoming fatigued. His second EVA concluded after two hours and six minutes. A third, minute standup EVA was conducted on November 14, during which Aldrin took photographs, conducted experiments, and discarded some unneeded items.
Their assignment as the backup crew of Apollo 9 was announced on November 20, Under the normal crew rotation scheme, Armstrong was expected to command Apollo Armstrong thought it over for a day before declining.
He had no issues working with Aldrin, and thought Lovell deserved his own command. However, when Aldrin learned that this might be amended, he lobbied within NASA for the original procedure to be followed.
Multiple factors contributed to the final decision, including the physical positioning of the astronauts within the compact lunar lander, which made it easier for Armstrong to be the first to exit the spacecraft.
Furthermore, there was little support for Aldrin's views among senior astronauts who would command later Apollo missions.
The first lunar landing focused more on landing on the Moon and making it safely back to Earth than the scientific aspects of the mission.
They made one geological field trip to West Texas. The press followed them, and a helicopter made it hard for Aldrin and Armstrong to hear their instructor.
The launch was televised live in 33 countries, with an estimated 25 million viewers in the United States alone. Millions more listened to radio broadcasts.
After one and a half orbits, the S-IVB third-stage engine pushed the spacecraft onto its trajectory toward the Moon. About thirty minutes later, the transposition, docking, and extraction maneuver was performed: this involved separating the command module Columbia from the spent S-IVB stage, turning around, and docking with lunar module Eagle.
After the lunar module was extracted, the combined spacecraft headed for the Moon, while the rocket stage flew on a trajectory past the Moon.
At Eagle separated from the Columbia. Throughout the descent, Aldrin called out navigation data to Armstrong, who was busy piloting the Eagle.
As a Presbyterian elder , Aldrin was the first and only person to hold a religious ceremony on the Moon. He radioed Earth: "I'd like to take this opportunity to ask every person listening in, whoever and wherever they may be, to pause for a moment and contemplate the events of the past few hours, and to give thanks in his or her own way.
You are the branches. Whoever remains in me, and I in him, will bear much fruit; for you can do nothing without me. Although it was a deeply meaningful experience for me, it was a Christian sacrament, and we had come to the moon in the name of all mankind — be they Christians , Jews , Muslims , animists , agnostics , or atheists.
Preparations for the EVA began at Aldrin's first words after he set foot on the Moon were "Beautiful view", to which Armstrong asked "Isn't that something?
Magnificent sight out here. Aldrin saluted the flag and Armstrong took an iconic photo of the scene. Aldrin positioned himself in front of the video camera and began experimenting with different locomotion methods to move about the lunar surface to aid future moonwalkers.
Nixon closed with, "Thank you very much, and all of us look forward to seeing you on the Hornet on Thursday.
After the call, Aldrin began photographing and inspecting the spacecraft to document and verify its condition before their flight.
Aldrin and Armstrong then set up a seismometer to detect moonquakes and a laser beam reflector. While Armstrong inspected a crater, Aldrin began the difficult task of hammering a metal tube into the surface to obtain a core sample.
It wasn't until we were back on Earth and in the Lunar Receiving Laboratory looking over the pictures that we realized there were few pictures of Neil.
My fault perhaps, but we had never simulated this during our training. Aldrin reentered Eagle first, but, before ascending the ladder, he was the first human to urinate on the Moon.
It contained a mission patch for the Apollo 1 flight that Ed White never flew due to his death in a cabin fire during the launch rehearsal; medallions commemorating Yuri Gagarin , the first man in space, and Vladimir Komarov , the first man to die in a space flight, and a silicon disk etched with goodwill messages from 73 nations.
The hatch was closed again at , and they repressurized the lunar module and settled down to sleep. The chance of bringing back pathogens from the lunar surface was considered a remote possibility, so divers passed biological isolation garments BIGs to the astronauts, and assisted them into the life raft.
President Richard Nixon honored each of them with the highest American civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom with distinction. On September 16, , the astronauts addressed a joint session of Congress where they thanked the representatives for their past support and implored them to continue funding the space effort.
After Apollo 11, Aldrin was kept busy giving speeches and making public appearances. He was also involved in the design of the Space Shuttle.
Vandenberg Jr. Aldrin had neither managerial nor test pilot experience, but a third of the training curriculum was devoted to astronaut training and students flew a modified F Starfighter to the edge of space.
Aldrin did not get along well with his superior, Brigadier General Robert M. Aldrin's celebrity status led people to defer to him more than the higher-ranking general.
No lives were lost, but the aircraft were destroyed and the accidents were attributed to insufficient supervision, which placed the blame on Aldrin.
What he had hoped would be an enjoyable job became a highly stressful one. Aldrin went to see the base surgeon.
In addition to signs of depression , he experienced neck and shoulder pains, and hoped that the latter might explain the former.
His mother's father had also committed suicide, and he believed he inherited depression from them. In February , General George S.
With the Apollo program winding down, and Air Force budgets being cut, the Air Force's interest in space diminished.
His father and General Jimmy Doolittle , a close friend of his father, attended the formal retirement ceremony. Aldrin's father died on December 28, , from complications following a heart attack.
Eventually he was arrested for disorderly conduct. Finally, in October , he quit drinking for good. Aldrin attempted to help others with drinking problems, including actor William Holden.
Aldrin was saddened by Holden's alcohol-related death in On September 9, , Aldrin was lured to a Beverly Hills hotel on the pretext of being interviewed for a Japanese children's television show on the subject of space.
After a brief confrontation, during which Sibrel followed Aldrin despite being told to leave him alone, and called him "thief, liar and coward", the year-old Aldrin punched Sibrel in the jaw, which was caught on camera by Sibrel's film crew.
Aldrin said he had acted to defend himself and his stepdaughter. Witnesses said Sibrel had aggressively poked Aldrin with a Bible.
Additional mitigating factors were that Sibrel sustained no visible injury and did not seek medical attention, and that Aldrin had no criminal record.
The police declined to press charges against Aldrin. The panels had been jettisoned before the separation maneuver so they closely followed the spacecraft until the first mid-course correction.
Aldrin confirmed that there was no such sighting of anything deemed extraterrestrial and said they were, and are, " He made a request to the Science Channel to make a correction, but was refused.
He had traveled to the North Pole in Odegard, the dean of the college. In , Aldrin proposed a special spacecraft trajectory now known as the Aldrin cycler.
The Aldrin cycler provided a five and a half month journey from the Earth to Mars, with a return trip to Earth of the same duration on a twin cycler orbit.
Aldrin continues to research this concept with engineers from Purdue University. SBI to design reusable rocket launchers.
In it, he voiced concern about NASA's development of a spacecraft "limited to transporting four astronauts at a time with little or no cargo carrying capability" and declared the goal of sending astronauts back to the Moon was "more like reaching for past glory than striving for new triumphs".
In a June opinion piece in The New York Times , Aldrin supported a human mission to Mars and which viewed the Moon "not as a destination but more a point of departure, one that places humankind on a trajectory to homestead Mars and become a two-planet species.
During the ceremony, NASA administrator Charles Bolden said, "Those of us who have had the privilege to fly in space followed the trail they forged.
The National Aeronautic Association president awarded a duplicate trophy to Collins and Aldrin at a ceremony.
Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy , awarded annually for the greatest achievement in spaceflight. He told them, "You've won a place alongside Christopher Columbus in American history".
Kincheloe award from the Society of Experimental Test Pilots along with Darryl Greenamyer who broke the world speed record for piston engine airplanes.
In , President George W. Hill Lifetime Space Achievement Award. Aldrin received honorary degrees from six colleges and universities,  and was named as the Chancellor of the International Space University in Aldrin has been married three times.
His first marriage was on December 29, , to Joan Archer, a Rutgers University and Columbia University alumna with a master's degree.
They had three children, James, Janice and Andrew. They filed for divorce in His third was to Lois Driggs Cannon, whom he married on February 14, In Aldrin was involved in a legal dispute with his children Andrew and Janice and former business manager Christina Korp over their claims that he was mentally impaired through dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
His children alleged that he made new friends who were alienating him from the family and encouraging him to spend his savings at a high rate. They sought to be named legal guardians so they could control his finances.